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Hypertension | Blood pressure | High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is the word used to explain high blood pressure. Hypertension readings are taken in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and more often than not given as two numbers. For instance, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg).The Upper digits are your systolic pressure, the pressure created when your heart beats. It is measured high if it is again and again over 140.
What is Hypertension?
The heart thrusts blood into the arteries with enough force to push blood to the far reaches of each organ from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet. Blood pressure can be defined as the pressure of blood on the walls of the arteries as it circulates through the body. Blood pressure is highest as its leaves the heart through the aorta and gradually decreases as it enters smaller and smaller blood vessels (arteries, arterioles, and capillaries). Blood returns in the veins leading to the heart, aided by gravity and muscle contraction. Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. It is known as the “silent killer” since it has no initial symptoms but can lead to long-term disease and complications. A lot of people have high blood pressure and don’t know it. significant difficulties of uncontrolled or badly treated high blood pressure contain heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, peripheral artery disease, and aortic aneurysms .Public alertness of these hazard has increased. High blood pressure has become the second most ordinary cause for medical office visits in the United States.
How is Hypertension measured?
Hypertension is measured with a blood pressure cuff and recorded as two numbers, for instance, 120/80 mm Hg. Hypertension measurements are usually taken at the upper arm over the brachial artery. The peak, superior number is called the systolic pressure. These measures the pressure generated when the heart contracts. It reproduces the pressure of the blood adjacent to arterial walls which causes the Hypertension. The base, lesser number is called the diastolic pressure. This reproduces the pressure in the arteries while the heart is filling and resting between heartbeats.
The American Heart Association has suggested guiding principle to describe normal and high Hypertension. Normal blood pressure not as much of 120/80.Pre-hypertension 120-139/ 80-89.High blood pressure (phase 1) 140-159/90-99.High blood pressure (phase 2) higher than 160/100.As many as 60 million Americans have high blood pressure. Unrestrained high blood pressure may be accountable for many cases of death and disability resulting from heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure.
Hypertension indication:
Hypertension more often than not causes no symptoms and high blood pressure frequently is tagged “the silent killer.” People who have high blood pressure characteristically don’t know it until their Hypertension is measured. Symptoms are headache, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting. People frequently do not seek medical care in anticipation of they have symptoms arising from the organ harm caused by chronic (ongoing, long-term) Hypertension. The subsequent types of organ harm are usually seen in chronic high Hypertension: Heart attack, Heart failure, Stroke or transient ischemic attack, Kidney failure, Eye damage with progressive vision loss, Peripheral arterial disease causing leg pain with walking, Outpunching of the aorta, called aneurysms


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