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Pak fiscal system size grows to Rs9.2tn

State Bank’s Financial Stability Review 2009-10
Staff Reporter
KARACHI: Pakistan’s financial system size, in terms of assets, increased to Rs9.2 trillion by end-June 2010 showing a robust growth of 20 per cent from December 2008 level of Rs7.71 trillion, says State Bank’s Financial Stability Review 2009-10, which was released here on Tuesday.
The Report, which presents an assessment of financial stability for 2009 (CY09) and the first half of 2010 (1HCY10), is based on the theme of “Role of Government in the Financial Sector” and assesses the government’s developmental role in enhancing the financial development in the country.
The Report said that stability of the financial system is largely derived from the pre-dominant position of the banking sector, as other components of the financial system continue to grow at a more gradual pace.
“Domestic banking sector assets constitute 73.2 per cent of total financial system assets”, the Report added.
It said the bank deposits, which have a key contribution in maintaining financial stability, grew by 13.5 per cent in CY09, and 8.2 per cent in 1HCY10, bringing the total deposit of the banking system to Rs5.1 trillion by end-June CY10.

“This bodes well for enhancing prospects of financial stability, especially keeping in view the slowdown in deposits growth in CY08,” the Report added.
The deposit growth is largely driven by the growth in home remittances of 23.9 per cent (in USD terms), gradual economic recovery, and the substantial increase in government borrowing, a portion of which flows back into the banking system in the form of deposits, it added.
The Report opined that healthy deposit growth is indicative of banks’ resilience to the competition from the National Savings Schemes (NSS), which generally offer a higher rate of return than bank deposits.
It said that the pace of deterioration in the quality of advances slowed down considerably as in CY09 Non Performing Loans (NPLs) increased by 24.2 per cent to Rs432 billion and further by 6.4 per cent to Rs460 billion by end-June CY10. ‘Going forward, NPLs remain a key cause of concern for the banking sector,’ it added. However, the Report noted that structural weaknesses in the process of revenue generation, significant rigidities in government spending, expansion in quasi-fiscal operations have added to the fiscal burden, which is increasingly financed from the financial system. It pointed out that the banks’ exposure to the government increased significantly during 2009 and in the first half of 2010, with particular concentration in the power sector due to the ongoing issue of circular debt, and continued increase in lending to public sector enterprises and commodity finance in general. Finding the government to be a captive client, banks’ behaviour to lend more to the government and to public sector agencies impedes the process of productive activity in the economy, it said. This causes crowding out of the private sector, to the extent that demand for credit exists, which in turn carries long term implications for economic growth, with feedback impact on banks’ asset quality and hence on financial stability, it added.


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